How to Facilitate Student-Centered Instruction
23 Ways to Facilitate Student-Centered Instruction
1. SUPPORTS METACOGNITION
Learner-centered instruction helps students think about their teaching during learning events.
2. WHAT DO THEY LIKE?
Interests and affinities are assessed through inventories and pre-testing
3. STUDENTS MAKE DECISIONS
Kids have a say in what, when, and how they learn.
4. PROVIDE STRUCTURE WHEN NEEDED
Some students need more support and direction.
5. GAMIFY IT
Activate the mechanics that foster super-engagement.
6. TEACHERS LISTEN & OFFER CHOICES
Students feelings and affinities are cultivated and incorporated into a choice-based curriculum.
7. SHIFT AWAY FROM WHOLE CLASS DISCUSSION
“Emphasize small and independent inquiry groups.” (Source: TEAL Center)
8. SHIFT FOCUS
Shift from focusing on what much be taught to what must be learned. (Source: Barbara L. McCombs & Jo Sue Whisler)
9. ASK THE BIG QUESTION
How can you make students forget the clock?
10. KEEP IT REAL
Use authentic activities and primary sources.
11. CHANGE ROLES
Let kids teach themselves, other kids, & you.
12. ACTIVITIES PROMOTE EVERY STUDENT THINKING
Reflective writing, think-pair-share, debates…
Students inquire and solve authentic problems.
14. GAIN ATTENTION WITH “HAVE YOU EVER?”
Ask kidsto raise green paper if they have done the thing you are asking, or red paper, if they haven’t. “Have you ever ...?” Qs can be connected to the subject you are teaching. (Source: Tarja Mykrä)
15. DIVERSITY-SENSITIVE CURRICULUM
Diversity of the student population is considered when selecting relevant texts and experiences.
16. TEACHERS SEEK OTHERS’ WISDOM
Instructional coaches, PLCs, admin., fellow-teachers, students, are consulted: “How can I make this lesson better?”
17. USE 21st CENTURY TOOLS
Students learn to read and create digital texts. Social media is leveraged.
18. LEARNER-CENTERED TEACHERS DON’T…
Emphasize coverage, which leads to memorization.
19. DON'T PRIORITIZE GRADES OVER LEARNING
Neglect to explain the course learning goals.
20. LEVERAGE TECH
Ignore student concerns. (Source: Maryellen Weimer via Gloria Wright)
21. DIG INTO THE CONTENT
“Use methods, processes, and vocabularies intrinsic to specific content areas.” (Source: Francisca Sanchez)
22. VARY APPROACHES
- - Case method instruction
- - Team-based learning
- - PBL
- - Observation
- - Dialogue and reflection (Source: Diane Harkins)
23. SOLICITS STUDENT FEEDBACK
Teachers ask, “How can we make the learning experience more helpful? Engaging?”